The first inhabitants of today’s Arkansas were ancestors of the Native Americans called the “Bluff Dwellers” who came to Arkansas about 12,000 years ago. They built houses underneath overhanging rocks called bluffs, which gave them their appropriate name. There is a cave on the Arkansas and Missouri border called the Bluff Dwellers Cave that is a tourist attraction across America. No one is exactly sure what they hunted and what they mainly did. All archeologists know is that they were called the Bluff Dwellers and why they were called the Bluff Dwellers.
Arkansas was a come and go state that many settlers passed through to get to other territories, until 1717 when the first large group of settlers came to settle in the mountains which are in the western part of present day Arkansas. Ever since 1717, more and more settlers started to come to the land to settle, and the population grew rapidly. In 1803, Arkansas was bought from the French in the Louisiana Purchase. From that point and on, their population started to increase faster than it was before, and thousands of settlers were coming to the area of Arkansas to settle. By 1819, the land had over 15,000 settlers settled in Arkansas, and the United States Congress approved it as an official territory.